vii) Mechanical & Electrical Fittings

In this section, we would cover the mechanical and electrical fittings or M&E fittings as they are commonly called in the industry. M&E fittings would include items like:

  1. Taps
  2. Pipes
  3. Floor traps
  4. Electrical power points
  5. Switches
  6. Electrical trunking
  7. Air-conditioner
  8. Water heater
  9. Etc...

For any proper inspection to be done, it is important to activate both the power and water supply to the house.

Beside commonly found in the kitchen sink and the toilet washbasin or shower area, taps are also often installed at the washing machine and balcony area. One should be able to turn the tap handle easily (usually anti-clockwise) to allow water to flow out and similarly when turn in the opposite direction (clockwise), would restrict the flow of water. When the handle is turned fully clockwise, the water flow should stop completely.

To check for leakage, turn on the tap and leave it running for at least 5 minutes. Inspect the taps and water pipes to check for any sign of water leakage. Take note when pipes are concealed within the wall or floor, it is almost impossible to perform a proper leakage test here as most of the leakage/seepage would be contained within the wall or floor. The next best alternative is to observe the flow of water to make sure it is not abnormally slow. While this can be in general due to low water pressure, the slow flow might actually infer a leak somewhere. Similarly, inspect the surrounding wall or floor for signs of water seepage as well as any "patchiness" or "bloatness" in cabinets where pipes might be passing through.

To perform the next inspection, use a stopper to block the sink or wash basin drainer so that water would not flow away from the kitchen sink or toilet wash basin. Fill them almost to the brim and leave it there for 15 minutes. Observe if there is any leakage here.

For floor trap, it should be flushed with the floor and aligned to the floor tiles.

For electrical power points and switches, they should be functional. They should also be level and no visible gap to the wall.

All electrical trunking should also be laid in a uniform and neat manner without any exposed wirings.

To check on air-conditioner and heater, switch them on to make sure they are functional. It should not take more than 15 minutes for a room to be cooled and 10 minutes for water to be heated up in general. Inspect the air-conditioner for any condensation or dripping water.

In general for all M&E fittings made of metal, they should be free of rust and stains. Also check all other fittings to ensure there are no visible damages such as stains, cracks and scratch marks.

In summary, the following are the key areas to look out for when checking for M&E fittings defects:

  1. Water should not be dripping from the tap when turned off
  2. No water leakage from pipes, sink and wash basin
  3. Floor trap should be flushed to the floor
  4. Floor trap should be aligned to the floor tiles
  5. Electrical power points, switches, air-conditioners and heater should be functional
  6. Electrical power points and switches should be level and no visible gap to the wall
  7. All electrical trunking should also be laid in a uniform and neat manner without any exposed wirings
  8. Air-conditioner should not have any condensation or dripping water from the unit
  9. Metal parts should be free of rust and stains
  10. Should not have any visible damages such as stains, cracks and scratch marks